Thomas J. Knapp
I. Introduction, and Outline
- Exodus 12 – The Institution of the Passover
- Numbers 9 – Special Conditions for the Wilderness Journey
- Joshua 5 – Passover, and Gilgal
- 2 Chronicles 30 – A Day of Revival with King Hezekiah
- 2 Chronicles 35 – A Normal Order with King Josiah
- Ezra 6, and the Remnant
- Ezekiel 45 – Celebration of the Passover in the Millennial Kingdom
- Matthew 26, Luke 22 – The Last Passover Before The Lord Suffers, and the Institution of the Lord’s Supper
- 1 Corinthians 5: Christ, our Passover
II. The Institution and Keeping of the Passover (Exodus 12)
Exodus 12, in regard to God’s righteous judgment upon sin, in which He will deliver all those who have acted by faith on His instruction to take the blood of the Lamb, that was kept until the 10th day and sprinkled the blood on the night of the passover.
“When I see the blood” (the blood = our security, protection) – This is the Lord’s estimate of its value.
“I will pass over you” – this is our assurance
Exodus 12:43-49 = “The ordinance of the passover”
Exodus 12:44, 48 – “let all his males be circumcised” = judgment of the flesh; cutting off of the flesh.
Exodus 12:46 – “In one house shall it be eaten,” compared also with Deuteronomy 12:13 – “Take heed to thyself that thou offer not thy burnt-offerings in every place“
III. Special Conditions in the Wilderness (Numbers 9)
Numbers 9:6-12 – (remembering it was originally kept on the 14th day of the 1st month).
Two Special Conditions (vs. 10):
- Defilement from contact with the dead
- On a journey afar off
Provision: “In the second month, on the fourteenth day…they eat it.”
John 13 – Feet Washing
IV. At Gilgal (Joshua 5)
Joshua 5:7-11 – The keeping of the passover in the land (their inheritance).
“The land” for the believer is the heavenly places, where we worship.
The flesh has no place in the economy of God.
V. In the Days of Hezekiah – A Day of Revival (2 Chronicles 30)
2 Chronicles 30:13-20
Hezekiah sent out invitations for all Israel – some hearkened to it.
His heart was large, and he embraced the whole nation.
vs. 15 – “on the fourteenth of the second month” – they availed themselves of the wilderness provision spoken of in Numbers 9.
VI. In the Days of Josiah – Normal Order (2 Chronicles 35, 2 Kings 23)
2 Chronicles 35:1, 18
“…On the fourteenth of the first month…And there was no passover like to that holden in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet; neither did all the kings of Israel hold such a passover as Josiah held, and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah was this passover holden.”
VII. The Days of Ezra – Remnant Times (Ezra 6)
“And the children of the captivity held the passover upon the fourteenth of the first month…and all such as had separated themselves to them from the filthiness of the nations of the land, to seek Jehovah the God of Israel, did eat…”
VIII. The Passover in the Millenial Kingdom (Ezekiel 45), and New Testament Passages (Christ, Our Passover)
The Lord will be on His rightful throne in Jerusalem in the Millenial kingdom, and the passover will be celebrated according to the appointed time. His word never changes.
They will look back to Calvary on what the Lord had done for them. This is an important distinction.
Christ, Our Passover (1 Cor. 5):
“For also our passover, Christ, has been sacrificed” (1 Corinthians 5:7).
“So that let us celebrate the feast, not with old leaven, nor with leaven of malice and wickedness, but with unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth” (1 Corinthians 5:8) = keeping the Lord’s Supper without leaven
1 Corinthians 10 – The Lord’s Table
1 Corinthians 11 – The Lord’s Supper
1 Corinthians 11:28 – “But let a man prove (or approve) himself, and thus eat of the bread, and drink of the cup” – Personal examination = the individual taking account of one’s condition (one’s state that causes or would lead to an action).